A broader look at familial DNA use within criminal investigations. Some good, some bad. What appears in all examples, is that ‘presumptions’ of guilt can be incorrect and send prosecutors off in the wrong direction. What’s also apparent is that across the country there are many isolated LEO databases that don’t reflect consistent ‘likelihood ratios’ of match rates with a suspect ‘s DNA profile.
Authorities have used DNA databases to search for partial matches in order to solve cold cases. The idea is that these partial matches are likely relatives of the suspect and authorities can focus on investigating relatives of any partial matches. This technique was used to catch an elusive serial killer nicknamed “The Grim Sleeper” in California. Although, police had a full DNA profile of a suspect, they could not find a match in any databases, so they looked for partial matches and discovered that the suspect had a brother in custody. This lead to the capture of a suspect who was later convicted.
While the technology could potentially help police officers solve cold cases, the technique is not without controversy. Due to the much higher proportion of minorities in DNA databases, there is fear that minority communities will be more likely to be under surveillance or suspected of a crime than…
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